The invention of gunpowder was the single most destructive achievement in the history

The fire lance was an anti-personnel gunpowder weapon with a relatively short range. The medieval universities of Western Christendom were well-integrated across all of Western Europe, encouraged freedom of enquiry and produced a great variety of fine scholars and natural philosophers, including Robert Grosseteste of the University of Oxfordan early expositor of a systematic method of scientific experimentation; [17] and Saint Albert the Greata pioneer of biological field research [18] The Italian University of Bologna is considered the oldest continually operating university.

Attribution is a fundamental concept that underlies the notions of both ontological causality and logical properties. A person is any intelligen t being with significant volitional control over how it affects other beings. The top item is a through awl and the bottom one is a hook awl, used to ignite the projectile before it was hurled.

Types of war War must entail some degree of confrontation using weapons and other military technology and equipment by armed forces employing military tactics and operational art within a broad military strategy subject to military logistics. Temporal anisotropy is not determined by the expansion of the universe, nor by the direction of electromagnetic radiation.

When the fire was extinguished they went in to see. Most of the Domesday water mills were used for grinding grain, but in the following centuries other important uses were devised in fulling cloth shrinking and felting woolen fabricssawing wood, and crushing vegetable seeds for oil. Although she was captured and executed by the English, the French fought on and won the war in For comparison, an estimated 1, people died from infectious diseases in the 20th century.

I would not look with favor upon a President working to subvert the first amendment's guarantees of religious liberty.

The most famous playwright of the era was the Englishman William Shakespeare whose sonnets and plays including HamletRomeo and Juliet and Macbeth are considered some of the finest works ever written in the English language.

Mental states are functional states consisting of causal relations among components for processing information. Let us not seek the Republican answer or the Democratic answer but the right answer. Later in the 6th century, the Byzantine Empire restored its rule in much of Italy and Spain.

Bureau of the Censusthe Indian Wars of the 19th century cost the lives of about 50, One account records, "when the machinery went off the noise shook heaven and earth; every thing that [the missile] hit was broken and destroyed.

Other campaigns in Spain and Portugal the Reconquistaand Northern Crusades continued into the 15th century. Next stop - Guildford. As elegantly dressed waiters more Hardy Amies than Ozwald Boateng fluster about the garden with trays of Pimms with cocktail umbrellas and cherries on sticksthe punters cry out: That is how it is able to kill people and horses from far away.

Siemens today brag that this world-first was of course carbon neutral. If you mean the years as such, then CyberCypher's answer is correct with the typo fixed. The ceilings are low, the lights are dim and the red velvet banquettes create a feeling of faded grandeur.

10 oldest Ancient civilizations ever existed

They searched for trapped passengers but there was no sign of any vehicle. His apparatus depended on the condensation of steam in a vessel, creating a partial vacuum into which water was forced by atmospheric pressure. For the first time, two major powers would have access to equally formidable gunpowder weapons.Sep 24,  · "Single" is simply an intensifier for "most destructive." Otherwise, it does not affect the meaning of the sentence.

It means something like, "The invention of gunpowder was the most destructive achievement in history.

History of gunpowder

After the Fall of Rome, the papacy served as a source of authority and continuity. In the absence of a magister militum living in Rome, even the control of military matters fell to the pope.

Gregory the Great (c –) administered the church with strict reform. A trained Roman lawyer and administrator, and a monk, he represents the shift from the classical to the medieval outlook and was.

Sometimes, in fact, it seems that things were better in the past, and things are slowly in a vague decline. Of course, the saying goes that necessity of the mother of invention and the reverse is also true. If a nation is generally acknowledged to be a much more safe, secure, stable, and more pleasant place than any of its neighbors, it may feel very little incentive for radical change.

The Energy Racket. By Wade Frazier. Revised in June Introduction and Summary. A Brief Prehistory of Energy and Life on Earth. Early Civilization, Energy and the Zero-Sum Game. Originally a minor power, it grew to become one of the most powerful states in 14th-century Europe, and a great innovator in siege warfare.

The Duke of Burgundy, Philip the Bold (), based his power on the effective use of big guns and promoted research and development in all aspects of gunpowder weaponry technology. Philip established manufacturers and employed more cannon casters than any.

Invention of Gunpowder Changed War Tactics, Political Landscapes, World History. November 1, By Valerie Orleans. Empires have been built — and lost — based on the availability and destructive power of weapons.

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The invention of gunpowder was the single most destructive achievement in the history
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